The main forms of IP:
In our previous article, our goal was to start you on a reflection on the subject and allow you to become familiar with intellectual property (IP). But what exactly is IP? How would you recognize it?
There are several types of IP. Here are the main ones:
Patent: A patent is a protection for a period of 20 years granted by the government to an inventor to enable it to exploit exclusively an invention. Others are strictly excluded from making, using or selling the invention.
To be afforded protection, an invention must fulfill three conditions:
- Be new (has not already been done or made known to the public - novelty)
- Be useful
- Inventive ingenuity (a solution, a change or improvement of a practice or an already existing product or process)
Industrial Design: Industrial design deals with distinctive decorative elements (such as the shape of the arm of a chair) of a finished manufactured product.
Aesthetic features and originality are important criteria that an industrial design should have to benefit from the legal protection lasting 10 years.
Copyright: The copyright protection is granted to a literary work (book, brochure, text of a presentation, training manual), artistic (painting, drawing, photography), musical or dramatic (movie, play). It allows the author to have the right to reproduce, copy, use or modify its work and enable the use thereof by third parties.
The work must be original (fruit of the creativity of the author) and fixed on a medium. Copyright generally subsists for the life of the author plus 50 years after death.
Trademark: A trademark may be, among other things, a word, a design (logo), a color, configuration of a product, or a combination of words and/ or designs which serve to distinguish the goods and / or services of one business from those of others. A trade name (or business name) may in some cases also be a trademark. A trademark is registered for an initial term of 15 years, and can be renewed indefinitely for further periods of 15 years.
We invite you, to take the time to inventory your valuable intangible assets. Contact us: www.belotip.com
Belot Trademark Services' Intellectual Property Law team has developed valuable expertise for its clients which help them maintain the necessary competitive edge in both the Canadian and the international markets. Our team combines the experience and the talent of professionals from major Canadian law firms with the personalized relationship offered by smaller firms and this provides quick trademark services at competitive rates.